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COVID-19: How to protect yourself from coronavirus

by | Published: | Updated: 15/03/2020


covid-19-how-to-protect-yourself-from-coronavirus-8814152

COVID-19: How to protect yourself from coronavirus - 

The spread of the coronavirus is now a pandemic, officials at the World Health Organization said on Wednesday.

So what is pandemic?

Calling COVID-19 a pandemic has nothing to do with virus, disease or who it spreads but it simply means raising the threat level and concerns over its geographic spread. According to the WHO, a pandemic is declared when a new disease for which people do not have immunity spreads around the world beyond expectations.

What is a coronavirus (COVID-19)?

A coronavirus is a virus that is found in animals and, rarely, can be transmitted from animals to humans and then spread person to person. In addition to COVID-19, other human coronaviruses have included:

  • The MERS virus, or Middle East respiratory syndrome.
  • The SARS virus, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, which first occurred in the Guangdong province in southern China.

What are the symptoms of a coronavirus?

COVID-19 symptoms range from mild to severe. It takes 2-14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop. Symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • cough
  • Shortness of breath

Those with weakened immune systems may develop more serious symptoms, like pneumonia or bronchitis. You may never develop symptoms after being exposed to COVID-19. So far, most confirmed cases are in adults, but some children have been infected. There is no evidence that children are at greater risk for getting the virus.

What causes a coronavirus (COVID-19) infection?

Humans first get a coronavirus from contact with animals. Then, it can spread from human to human. Health officials do not know what animal caused COVID-19.

The COVID-19 virus can be spread through contact with certain bodily fluids, such as droplets in a cough. It might also be caused by touching something an infected person has touched and then touching your hand to your mouth, nose, or eyes. 

Read more at https://familydoctor.org/condition/coronavirus/

 

How to protect yourself from coronavirus

1: Wash your hands frequently

Wash your hands frequently with soap and water. You can use alcohol based hand sanitisers to kill the germs if you can’t go to wash hands due to any reason. But again, washing hands with a soap is the best option to prevent the virus spreading.

2: Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

This may sound an easy task but difficult to practice.

Viruses that affect the respiratory system enter the body through mucosal membranes which are found in the nose, oral cavity and lips. With poor hand hygiene, it's easy to acquire a viral infection this way

We have been touching our faces all our lives and all of sudden stopping it may require some additional attentions and efforts. So stop touching eyes, nose and mouth.

3: Avoid close contacts with someone having Cold/Flu symptoms

Cold and flu germs pass through the air from person to person. When a sick person coughs, sneezes, or talks, tiny drops of mucus hit the air. You can take them in through your mouth or nose.

So, How far away should you stay from someone who's sick? Those droplets can spread out to about 6 feet. So, keep your distance, if you can. People are most contagious when they first have symptoms like a runny nose, cough, or body aches.

At the same time, be considerate. Don't hurt sentiments as everyone could be not as updated or informed as you.

4: See a doctor if you are sick

If you are not well and having symptoms as Flu, go and see a doctor. Seek medical attention immediately if you experience emergency warning signs, including difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, persistent pain or pressure in the chest, new confusion or ability to arouse, or bluish lips or face. This list is not inclusive, so consult your medical provider if you notice other concerning symptoms. 

5: Keep yourself updated with Ministry of Health guidelines and current updates

Stay away from rumours and follow MOH advisories for updated. Ministry of Health is posting continuous updates about travel guidelines, best practices and recent infections identified. Stay tuned and follow government guidelines

https://www.mohfw.gov.in/

And finally -

Say No to Panic, Say Yes to Precautions. - PM Modi

 



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